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Tor Enclosure

Neolithic period 4000 to 2500 BC

Only recently recognised as a site type, tor enclosures are formed by a series of massive walls linking natural outcrops to enclose an imposing, usually granite, hilltop. Dating from the early Neolithic period, they are particular to south-western Britain and are comparable to the causewayed enclosures found elsewhere in the British Isles.

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They may have provided a focus for their local community and a place for social and ceremonial interaction, including the exchange of goods and ideas.

Examples to visit

Carn Brea

Approximately six thousand years ago a series of massive stone walls were constructed to encircle the central and eastern tors of the hill and a double set of ramparts was erected across the slopes, linking the two and enclosing the area between them.

Helman Tor

Situated at the northern extremity of a north-south trending granite ridge, Helman Tor overlooks the marshy ground of Redmoor and Breney Common and the fertile farmlands on the higher ground between. Archaeological surveys have identified a series of low walls and levelled terraces on the tor.

Rough Tor

Roughtor is sited on the north-western edge of the granite massif of Bodmin Moor amidst a wild stony landscape of moorland, bog and rough pasture. The twin summits of Roughtor and Little Roughtor crown a prominent ridge commanding extensive views across the surrounding countryside.

Stowe's Pound

Stowe's Pound is sited atop a prominent granite ridge to the north of Minions village in the south-eastern sector of Bodmin Moor. Two massive Neolithic stone-walled enclosures encircle the summit of the ridge.